Drone Types

Multirotor Copter UAVs

The most common multirotor UAVs are Quadcopters. However, Hexacopters and Octocopters drones are also in the commercial drone lineup. The extra rotors are beneficial for more stability in the flight patterns, hovering, and maneuvering, but these drones are more expensive.

Search Link For Multirotor Drones

Fixed-wing UAVs

Search Link For Fixed Wing Drones

VTOL (Vertical Take Off and Landing) Hybrid UAVs

With VTOL hybrid UAVs, you can launch and land the drone in smaller or more confined spaces but still have the advantage of a fixed-wing drone’s ability to fly at higher speeds and cover more area during a single flight mission. Like fixed-wing drones, VTOL drones are more expensive than multirotor drones and have a steeper learning curve compared to the piloting skills involved.

Search Link For VTOL Hybrid Drones

Reference: My Drone Professional, “The Breakdown on Fixed Wing Drones: Commercial Uses Pros and Cons” (accessed 26 June 2023)

Drone TypePurposeProsCons
Multirotor (Quadcopter)Flight survey and mapping projects.Quadcopters are more affordable than the other types of drones.

Easier for beginning drone pilots to navigate than fixed wing or VTOL hybrid drones.

Can use a small area for launching and landing.

Flexibility for maneuvering around field (up, down, side-to-side).
Shorter flight duration per battery.

Sensitive to windy condition

A malfunction of one of the rotors can crash the drone.

(Generally, multirotor drones can’t fly as high in the air.)
Multirotor (Hexacopter and Octocopter)The same as quadcopters plus potential spray applications.More stability and higher payloadsMore expensive than quadcopters
Fixed-WingSurvey mapping
spray applications
Can cover more areas in less time and within each session of flying.

More stable in flight than multirotor types.

If a malfunction occurs during the flight, the user can glide the drone down to land safely.

Can carry a heavier payload.
Needs a larger launch pad area and room to land.

Less flexible in its maneuverability, i.e., it can only fly forward.

Requires more skills to fly.

Must stay in motion during flight and has no hovering capability.

More expensive
VTOL (Vertical Take Off and Landing) Hybrid The same as the fixed wing dronesIt does not require a launch/landing strip for flights.

Some models can switch from flight to hovering during the middle of the flight.
Generally, the most expensive of the drone listed here.

More complicated piloting skill level = not very beginner friendly.

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